Cast iron is a form of ferrous metal with a higher carbon content than most others. This provides it with a lot of power. It is highly fragile despite its high strength. Because it lacks other alloying elements than iron and carbon, it is a comparatively inexpensive ferrous metal.
Cast iron is an example of a ferrous metal that is both strong and brittle. Low carbon steel, another form of ferrous metal, on the other hand, can be quite soft and ductile since it does not contain as much carbon as cast iron.
Because of its capacity to tolerate heat and high temperatures, Cast Iron can be utilized to make engine blocks. Because of its high damping properties, it may also be utilized as a foundation for large equipment.
Its steel composition allows it to be employed in the automotive industry as valves on cylinder heads, car axles, and so on.
Cooking utensils, interior dcor, sinks, tools (saws, screw drivers, hammers, etc.) can all be made from it.
Cast iron is commonly used in cookware, small wear-prone components such as gears, rods, and pins, and mining equipment.
What is a ferrous metal?
Ferrous is derived from the Latin word “Ferrum,” which means “iron” in English.
All metals with a larger amount of iron are ferrous metals, whereas the rest are non-ferrous metals.
Any metal that is predominantly made of iron and has magnetic characteristics is referred to be a ferrous metal. The hardness, durability, and tensile strength of ferrous metal are well recognized.
Ferrous metal is employed in practically every industry, including the production of shipping containers, industrial pipelines, automobiles, railroad tracks, and a variety of commercial and household items.
Most ferrous metals have good magnetic characteristics and are considered good electrical conductors. This feature qualifies them for use in electronics.
Because of the high carbon content, ferrous metals are especially susceptible to rusting and corrosion when exposed to moisture or an acidic or corrosive environment.
Wrought iron, on the other hand, resists corrosion due to its purity. The presence of chromium protects stainless steel from corrosion.
Iron (Fe) is found in ferrous metals such as steel and cast iron.
Nonferrous metals are those that do not contain iron.
Metals that are ferrous
- Those metals are primarily composed of iron.
- They also contain trace amounts of other elements or metals.
- Ferrous metals, in general, are magnetic.
- Ferrous metals are frequently utilized in construction, pipelines, and even tool manufacturing.
- Ferrous metals have little corrosion resistance.
- Iron is the most common element in ferrous metals. They contain trace amounts of other metals or elements to provide the desired characteristics. Ferrous metals are magnetic and have little corrosion resistance.
Ferrous metals include the following:
- Mild steel : Used in general engineering and construction.
- Carbon steel : a type of steel that is used to make tools.
- Stainless steel : A ferrous metal that, due to the presence of chromium, resists rust.
- Cast iron : used in car engines, utility hole covers, and cooking.
- Wrought iron : commonly found in gates and fences.
- Metal from scrap vehicles, a demolition site and from the manufacturing industry.
Nonferrous metals include
- Non-ferrous metals are metals that do not contain iron.
- These metals do not have magnetic properties.
- These metals have a stronger corrosion resistance.
- Because of its capacity to conduct heat and electricity, copper and aluminum are widely employed.
- Non-ferrous metals are typically more corrosion resistant than ferrous metals.
Nonferrous metals include the following:
- Lead : a metal that is used in pipes, fuels, paints, and batteries.
- Copper : used in wiring, appliances, and automobiles.
- Silver : used to make jewelry, silverware, electrical contacts, and mirrors.
- Aluminium : used in automobiles, appliances, electrical lines, and food packaging.
- Brass : used in screws, light fittings, door handles, and bathroom and kitchen fixtures.
- Gold: Has medical applications and is utilized in computers, electronics, and jewelry.
- Electrical Wire